Theory test changes: 14 April 2020

Tuesday February 18th, 2020

From 14 April 2020, the car theory test will include 3 multiple-choice questions based on a short video you’ll watch.


The way the theory test works in England, Scotland and Wales will change from 14 April 2020.

The same changes will apply in Northern Ireland.

The change will make the theory test more accessible, especially to people with a:

reading difficulty (like dyslexia)
learning disability
developmental condition (like autism)

The change only applies to car theory tests to begin with.

How the theory test is changing to use video clips instead of written case studies

Currently, you have to read a case study and then answer 5 questions about it.

This tests your knowledge and understanding of road rules.

This will change if you take your test from 14 April 2020. You’ll watch one video clip instead of reading a case study, and answer 3 questions about it.
How using a video clip will work

You’ll watch a short, silent, video clip and answer 3 multiple-choice questions about it.

You can watch the video clip as many times as you like during the multiple-choice part of the theory test.


You can watch the video, answer a question, and then watch the video again before you answer the next question.

The type of questions you’ll answer about the video clip

You’ll answer questions like these:

Why are motorcyclists considered vulnerable road users?

Why should the driver, on the side road, look out for motorcyclists at junctions?

In this clip, who can cross the chevrons to overtake other vehicles, when it’s safe to do so?

For each of the 3 questions, you’ll have to choose the correct answer from 4 possible answers.

What the screen will look like

The left-hand side of the screen will show the video clip, with controls to:

play the video

pause the video
move to a specific part of the video on a progress bar
watch the video using the full screen

The right-hand side of the screen will show the question and 4 possible answers.

Who this change will affect

All car theory tests will use video clips from 14 April 2020.

This includes if:

you fail a test before then and retake if from 14 April 2020

your test is cancelled or moved for any reason, and your new test date is from 14 April 2020
What’s not changing
You’ll still need to study the same books and software to prepare for your theory test.

You’ll still need to:

answer 50 multiple-choice questions within 57 minutes
get 43 out of the 50 questions right to pass the multiple-choice part of the test
The hazard perception part of the test is not changing. This is where you watch video clips to spot developing hazards.

Tests that are not changing

The change does not yet apply to these types of theory tests:


bus or coach
approved driving instructor (ADI) part 1

Other support for people with a reading difficulty, disability or health condition
You can have reasonable adjustments made to your theory test if you have a:

reading difficulty
health condition
These include:

extra time to take the test

someone to read what’s on the screen and record your answers
someone to reword the questions for you

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