UK GDP could receive £83 billion boost if regional productivity gaps are halved

Tuesday November 26th, 2019

UK GDP could receive £83 billion boost if regional productivity gaps are halvedmoney

UK regional variations in productivity per job reflect variations in workplace skill levels and transport connectivity

UK productivity lags behind other advanced economies -matching German per capita output would boost the UK economy by £180bn per year – around £5,800 per UK worker

Improving productivity is a key challenge facing the UK economy; PwC suggests a number of solutions to boost regional productivity- the key to raising living standards and reducing regional inequalities

UK GDP could be boosted by 4% – or £83 billion – if local areas with below-average productivity levels could make up half of the gap, according to PwC’s latest UK Economic Outlook.

The report examines UK regional productivity, revealing wide variations in domestic productivity per job, as well as from an international perspective. PwC concludes that UK output per worker is around 10-15% behind Germany, France and Sweden and more than 30% behind the US.

Regional productivity gaps are large, with output per job in London around 40% above the UK average, but around 18% below the national average in Wales. In addition, the gap between the best and worst performing local enterprise partnerships (LEPs) in England is widening, with productivity in the highest-ranking LEP being around 2.1 times more than the lowest-productivity LEP in 2017, as compared to 1.8 in 2002.

The report suggests a number of strategies that could be employed to help boost productivity across the regions. Notably, businesses can promote workplace training and upskilling, a recommendation that is reinforced by PwC’s recent global skills survey, which showed that the desire of UK employees to learn new skills is not being met by employers. In addition, investment in local infrastructure could boost connectivity (and therefore productivity).

LEPs could collaborate to strengthen intra-regional connectivity. This could utilise the Oxford-Cambridge arc as an example, which is supported by four LEPs in an effort to boost east-west transport connectivity through the East West Rail and Expressway.
International productivity

The increase in regional productivity would improve the UK’s economic prosperity and its comparative performance with advanced economies, where it is currently lagging behind.

The UK Economic Outlook reveals that this is not down to the UK having too small a manufacturing sector (except in part in relation to Germany); instead it reflects lower average UK productivity levels within a number of major industry sectors, such as retail and wholesale.

PwC points to a horizontal strategy to improve productivity performance across a range of sectors, such as higher standards in the formal education system and a lifelong upskilling strategy that enables workers to acquire new skills, particularly digital skills, as well as a better investment environment, modern infrastructure, and a financial system that supports investment by firms of all sizes.

The report shows that the issue for many parts of the UK is less about how to catch up with other countries and more about how to catch up with regions and cities closer to home. More importantly, it highlights that productivity is a crucial challenge facing the next government, with significant economic gains achievable for both regions and the country as a whole.

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