The Commons transport select committee is conducting an inquiry into UK rolling stock procurement after the £1.4bn contract was awarded to Siemens over Bombardier’s Derby factory in June, resulting in 1400 job losses.
The contract, which covers the cross-London Thameslink route between Bedford and Brighton, was an agreement to both build and then lease the trains, according to the Centre for Research on Socio-Cultural Change at the University of Manchester.
The centre’s report states: ‘The contract which Bombardier lost was not an old-fashioned one for supplying 1200 carriages. Instead, it was a Private Finance Initiative style contract that covered the building of the carriages and their maintenance for 30 years.’
Crucially, bidders were required to arrange the initial finance to construct the trains.
This meant that Bombardier’s lower credit rating put it at a disadvantage against Siemens. Siemens has an A+ rating, compared with Bombardier’s BB+, meaning that the Derby factory lost out as it would have had to pay an extra 1.5% in interest rates for borrowing.
However, the research concludes that a broader calculation of the costs and benefits of the two bids, including income tax paid by British workers, would have made the Bombardier bid more financially attractive.
The Department for Transport has said that it had no choice but to award the contract to Siemens due to European Union procurement laws, which state that a bidder’s location or nationality cannot influence contract awards. However, Transport Secretary Philip Hammond has admitted that the UK is not ‘making best use’ of the EU rules.